The material of a hand-knotted oriental rug usually comes from nature. It is important for the durability and resilience of a carpet. For example, the pile, the upper part of the carpet, is usually made of sheep's wool. Wool has a natural fat content that protects against dirt, moisture and wear.

Schafsherde in Bergen bei Sonnenuntergang
Sheep's wool is the most commonly used material for hand-knotted rugs. Depending on the Origin of the rug, it is also obtained locally from herds of sheep. In addition to the pile, the warp and weft are also often made of wool. Even today, wool is often still spun by hand. Very high-quality wool comes from the neck area of the sheep and is called cork wool. It has a higher fat content and feels particularly soft.

Seidenraupen zur Gewinnung von Seide
Silk is used on fine rugs, especially Persian rugs, for the elaboration of details in the pile. It literally shines in the light and gives the carpet special highlights. For very high quality rugs, silk is also used for the entire pile and also for warp and weft. However, silk rugs are not necessarily recommended for heavily used rooms. The threads are drawn by caterpillars of the silkworm in an elaborate manner and Wise won

Wool and silk rugs in comparison

The difference between a carpet made of wool and a carpet made of silk can usually be seen at first glance, even without a trained eye. It is often difficult to depict the natural shine of silk on pictures, but it is possible to between different perspectives can detect a visible change in the brightness of the silk carpet. Since silk reflects a higher proportion of light than wool, the change of perspective results in a clearer effect in perception. of colors and brightness.

Sheep wool rugs
Gabbeh rug Nain 6La Rug Sarouk rug
Rugs from natural silk
Cashmere silk rug Qum silk rug

Baumwolle auf dem Feld
Cotton is used more for warp and weft in carpets. In kilim rugs , the flat weave is often made of cotton. It is cultivated on fields and is the cheapest in comparison.

Production in Detail

Production of Oriental Rugs
Centuries-old tradition is the basis of almost every Oriental rug. Long ago Persian rugs were already considered the highest luxury...
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Whether sheep wool, silk or cotton, the material of a hand-knotted oriental rug usually comes from nature...
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Colours and Dyeing
The colours of many high-quality oriental carpets still originate today from plants and minerals...
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No matter how detailed the pattern may be, some knotters still craft the rug from memory today...
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An art that has been perfected over many centuries and is still unrivalled today...
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After the actual knotting, the rug is far from finished...
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Comparison to machine-made Rugs
Colour facets, durability, level of detail are only a few of the differences to machine-made rugs...
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